2010 Graduate Study in Psychology
Availability and Levels of Financial Support for U.S. Master’s and Doctoral Students in Graduate Departments of Psychology
William E. Pate II, Marlene Wicherski and Jessica L. Kohout
APA Center for Workforce Studies
June 2010

Faculty in U.S. and Canadian Graduate Departments of Psychology: 20082009

Availability and Levels of Financial Support for U.S. Master’s and Doctoral Students in Graduate Departments of Psychology: 20082009
Introduction and Methodology
In January of each year the American Psychological Association’s (APA) Education Directorate notifies the chairs of graduate departments of psychology of the annual Graduate Study in Psychology effort. The following month the chairs are sent a link to the survey. This original email is followed by three subsequent contacts requesting participation in the study. APA receives a notification email when a program has completed the survey and graduate programs are dropped from the database when they have not updated their data for two consecutive years. The information is provided voluntarily by graduate departments and schools of psychology.
This portion of the 2010 Graduate Study in Psychology concerns four types of financial support: teaching assistantships, research assistantships, traineeships, and fellowships/scholarships, and is discussed in two sections. Section One covers financial support data by degree level (doctoral versus master’s department), institution type (public versus private), and distinguishes between firstyear and advanced students. These data are discussed here and are represented by tables 29 and 30. Section Two covers financial support data only at the doctoral level and distinguishes between traditional academic settings and professional school. Those data are discussed in the following section and are represented by tables 29a and 30a.
Section One  Financial Support for U.S. Psychology Graduate Students by Degree Level and Institution Type
Caveats. This section presents data collected at the level of departments rather than programs and is divided according to the highest degree offered by each department. Thus, doctoral refers to information from departments where the highest degree offered is the doctorate; this will include data from terminal master's programs that exist within departments that also offer the doctorate. Likewise, master's information refers to information from departments where the highest degree offered is the master's and will not represent all master's programs; again, data from terminal master's programs within departments that offer the doctorate would be found in the doctoral information.
For all analyses, the term average will always refer to median average. Also, percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.
Teaching Assistantships
Doctoral departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (85%) offered teaching assistantships (table 30). The average award amount was $12,449 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week. Over half of these departments (59%) offered full tuition remission to these firstyear students. Another 18% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion of departments (just under five percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. About one in five departments (19%) did not offer tuition remission in any form to firstyear students (table 30).
Nearly 94% of doctoral departments in public institutions offered teaching assistantships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $13,075 and similarly corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29). Nearly two out of three (63%) departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 19% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (seven percent) offered both full and partial remission. Only one in ten (10%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with teaching assistantships (table 30).
Doctoral departments in private institutions. Teaching assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 38% of these departments, a much lower proportion as compared to those in public institutions (table 30). The average award amount was $12,000 and the average number of hours worked per week was slightly lower at 17 (table 29). About one in four (23%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with teaching assistantships. Another seven percent offered partial tuition remission and just over one percent offered both full and partial tuition remission to firstyear students. More than two out of three departments (69%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students (table 30).
Roughly three in four (76%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered teaching assistantships to advanced students, a lower percentage as compared to their public institution counterparts (table 30). These award amounts averaged only $6,000, but this corresponded with an average of 10.5 hours worked per week (table 29). Doctoral departments were most likely to not give tuition remission (55%) for teaching assistantships to advanced students. This was followed by 27% that provided full tuition remission and another 15% that gave partial remission. A small number of departments (four percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on teaching assistantships.
Master’s departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, just over half (54%) of these departments offered teaching assistantships (table 30). The average award amount was $5,113 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week (table 29). Just under 13% of these departments offered full tuition remission to firstyear students with teaching assistantships. Another 21% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion (three percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly twothirds of these departments (64%) did not provide any form of tuition remission in combination with the teaching assistantship to firstyear students (table 30).
Over half (58%) of master’s departments in public institutions offered teaching assistantships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $6,439 and similarly corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29). About 15% of departments offered full tuition remission to their advanced students with teaching assistantships. Another 18% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (three percent) offered both full and partial remission. Nearly two in three (65%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students (table 30).
Master’s departments in private institutions. Teaching assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 38% of these departments, a lower proportion as compared to public institutions (table 30). The average award amount was $2,900 and the average number of hours worked per week was much lower at 12 (table 29). Only about eight percent of master’s departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with teaching assistantships. Another 11% offered partial tuition remission and about eight percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly three in four (74%) departments did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
Almost half (47%) of master’s departments in private institutions offered teaching assistantships to advanced students, a somewhat lower percentage as compared to public institutions (table 30). These award amounts averaged only $3,288, but this corresponded with an average of 10 hours worked per week (table 29). Master’s departments in private institutions were most likely to not give tuition remission (72%) for teaching assistantships to advanced students. This was followed by 13% that provided partial tuition remission and another nine percent that gave full remission only. A small number of these departments (six percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on teaching assistantships.
Research Assistantships
Doctoral departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (88%) offered research assistantships (table 30). The average award amount was $12,225 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week. Over half of these departments (58%) offered full tuition remission to firstyear students. Another 19% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion of departments (just under six percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. About one in five departments (18%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
Ninetyone percent of doctoral departments in public institutions offered research assistantships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $13,150 and corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29). Over half of these (59%) departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 20% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (seven percent) offered both full and partial remission. Only 15% did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with research assistantships (table 30).
Doctoral departments in private institutions. Research assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 68% of these departments, a somewhat lower proportion as compared to those in public institutions (table 30). The average award amount was $6,225 and the average number of hours worked per week was notably lower at 12 (table 29). About one in four (27%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with research assistantships. Another 14% offered partial tuition remission and just over two percent offered both full and partial tuition remission to firstyear students. More than half of these departments (57%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students (table 30).
Roughly three in four (77%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered research assistantships to advanced students, a lower percentage as compared to their public institution counterparts (table 30). These award amounts averaged only $6,420, but this corresponded with an average of 12 hours worked per week (table 29). Doctoral departments were most likely to not offer tuition remission (54%) for research assistantships to advanced students. This was followed by 27% that provided full tuition remission and another 14% that gave partial remission. A small proportion of departments (six percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on research assistantships.
Master’s departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, 63% of these departments offered research assistantships (table 30). The average award amount was $5,217 and corresponded with an average of 18 hours of work per week (table 29). Just under 12% of these departments offered full tuition remission to firstyear students with research assistantships. Another 22% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion (six percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Over half of these departments (60%) did not provide any form of tuition remission in combination with the research assistantship for firstyear students (table 30).
Over half (59%) of master’s departments in public institutions offered research assistantships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $6,443 and corresponded with 17.5 hours of work per week (table 29). About 13% of departments offered full tuition remission to their advanced students with research assistantships. Another 19% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (five percent) offered both full and partial remission. Nearly two in three (64%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students (table 30).
Master’s departments in private institutions. Research assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 40% of these departments, a lower proportion as compared to public institutions (table 30). The average award amount was $3,150 and the average number of hours worked per week was much lower at 10 (table 29). Only about nine percent of master’s departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with research assistantships. Another 15% offered partial tuition remission and about two percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly three in four (74%) departments did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
About half (49%) of master’s departments in private institutions offered research assistantships to advanced students, a somewhat lower percentage as compared to public institutions (table 30). These award amounts averaged only $3,500, but this corresponded with an average of 10 hours worked per week (table 29). Master’s departments in private institutions were most likely to not give tuition remission (72%) for research assistantships to advanced students. This was followed by 15% that provided partial tuition remission and another 11% that gave full remission only . A small number of these departments (two percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on research assistantships.
Traineeships
Doctoral departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, a low percentage of these departments (14%) offered traineeships (table 30). The average award amount was $13,605 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week. Just over 12% of departments offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students. Another two percent offered partial tuition remission. A smaller proportion of departments (just over one percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Most departments (84%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students on traineeships (table 30).
A larger proportion (29%) of doctoral departments in public institutions offered traineeships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $13,400 and similarly corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29). About 19% of departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another six percent offered partial remission. A smaller proportion of departments (one percent) offered both full and partial remission. About three in four (74%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with traineeships (table 30).
Doctoral departments in private institutions. Traineeships were available to firstyear students in about 12% of these departments (table 30). The average award amount was $13,500 and the average number of hours worked per week was notably lower at 13.5 (table 29). About eight percent of doctoral departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with traineeships. Less than one percent offered partial tuition remission and just over one percent offered both full and partial tuition remission to firstyear students. Most departments (90%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students on traineeships (table 30).
Roughly one in four (27%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered traineeships to advanced students (table 30). These award amounts averaged $13,500 and corresponded with an average of 15 hours worked per week (table 29). Doctoral departments were most likely to not offer tuition remission (81%) for traineeships to advanced students. This was followed by 11% that provided full tuition remission and another five percent that gave partial remission. A small proportion of departments (three percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on traineeships.
Master’s departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, nine percent of these departments offered traineeships (table 30). The average award amount was $5,000 and corresponded with an average of 12.5 hours of work per week (table 29). About three percent of these departments offered full tuition remission to firstyear students with traineeships. Another two percent offered partial tuition remission. No departments offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly all departments (95%) did not provide tuition remission of any form in combination with the traineeship (table 30).
About nine percent of master’s departments in public institutions offered traineeships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $4,500 and corresponded with 15 hours of work per week (table 29). About three percent of departments offered full tuition remission to their advanced students with traineeships. Another one percent offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (one percent) offered both full and partial remission. Nearly all departments (95%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students on traineeship (table 30).
Master’s departments in private institutions. Traineeships were available to firstyear students in about nine percent of these departments (table 30). The average award amount was $6,550 and the average number of hours worked per week was 17 (table 29). Only about two percent of master’s departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with traineeships. Another six percent offered partial tuition remission and none offered both full and partial tuition remission. Most departments (93%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students on traineeship (table 30).
Just over 11% of master’s departments in private institutions offered traineeships to advanced students, a slightly higher percentage as compared to similar public institutions (table 30). These award amounts averaged $7,275, but this corresponded with an average of 20 hours worked per week (table 29). Master’s departments in private institutions were most likely to not give tuition remission (93%) for traineeships to advanced students. This was followed by six percent that provided partial tuition remission and another two percent that gave full remission only. None of the departments provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on traineeships.
Fellowships/Scholarships
Doctoral departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (71%) offered fellowships/scholarships (table 30). The average award amount was $14,000 and corresponded with an average of 10 hours of work per week. Less than half of these departments (43%) offered full tuition remission to these firstyear students. Another 10% offered partial tuition remission. A smaller proportion of departments (seven percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Almost 40% of departments did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
Sixtynine percent of doctoral departments in public institutions offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $14,403 and corresponded with eight hours of work per week (table 29). Less than half of (44%) departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 10% offered partial tuition remission. A small proportion of departments (five percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Almost 41% did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with fellowships/scholarships (table 30).
Doctoral departments in private institutions. Fellowships/scholarships were available to firstyear students in 75% of these departments, a slightly higher proportion as compared to those in public institutions (table 30). Although the average award amount was $5,000, it corresponded with an average of zero hours worked per week (table 29). About one in four (26%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with fellowships/scholarships. Another 19% offered partial tuition remission and just over six percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly half of these departments (49%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
Roughly three in four (77%) doctoral departments in private institutions offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students, a higher percentage as compared to their public institution counterparts (table 30). These award amounts averaged only $5,000, but as with firstyear recipients, this corresponded with an average of zero hours worked per week (table 29). Doctoral departments in private institutions were most likely to not offer tuition remission (50%) for fellowships/scholarships to advanced students. This was followed by 24% that provided full tuition remission and another 20% that gave partial remission. A small proportion of departments (six percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on fellowships/scholarships.
Master’s departments in public institutions. For firstyear students, 43% of these departments offered fellowships/scholarships (table 30). The average award amount was $2,000 and corresponded with an average of zero hours of work per week (table 29). Just over six percent of departments offered full tuition remission to firstyear students with fellowships/scholarships. Another 14% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion (two percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. Nearly four out of five (78%) of these departments did not provide any form of tuition remission in combination with the research assistantship to firstyear students (table 30).
About one in three (34%) of master’s departments in public institutions offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students (table 30). These awards averaged $1,700 and corresponded with zero hours of work per week (table 29). Only about three percent of departments offered full tuition remission to their advanced students with fellowships/scholarships. Another nine percent offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (two percent) offered both full and partial remission. Most (85%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students (table 30).
Master’s departments in private institutions. Fellowships/scholarships were available to firstyear students in about 34% of these departments, a slightly lower proportion as compared to public institutions (table 30). The average award amount was $1,750 and the average number of hours worked per week was zero (table 29). Only about two percent of master’s departments in private institutions offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with fellowships/scholarships. Another 11% offered partial tuition remission and about two percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Most (85%) departments did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30).
About one in three (32%) of master’s departments in private institutions offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students (table 30). These award amounts averaged $2,340 and this corresponded with an average of just 2.5 hours worked per week (table 29). Master’s departments in private institutions were most likely to not give tuition remission (83%) for fellowships/scholarships to advanced students. This was followed by 13% that provided partial tuition remission and another two percent that gave full remission only. A small number of these departments (two percent) provided both full and partial tuition remission to their advanced students on fellowships/scholarships.
Section Two  Financial Support for U.S. Psychology Graduate Students by Type of Setting
Caveats. This section presents data collected from departments where the highest degree offered is the doctorate; this will include data from terminal master's programs that exist within departments that also offer the doctorate.
For all analyses, the term average will always refer to median average. Also, percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.
Teaching Assistantships
Traditional academic settings. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (79%) offered teaching assistantships (table 30a). The average award amount was $12,648 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). Over half of these departments (58%) offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students. Another 14% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion of departments (four percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. About one in four departments (24%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
Nearly 91% of doctoral departments in traditional academic settings offered teaching assistantships to advanced students (table 30a). These awards averaged $13,500 and corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). Over half (62%) of the departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 16% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (seven percent) offered both full and partial remission. Only 15% did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with teaching assistantships (table 30a).
Professional schools. Teaching assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 65% of these departments, a lower proportion as compared to those in traditional academic settings (table 30a). The average award amount was $5,000 and the average number of hours worked per week was also lower at 10 (table 29a). Less than half (44%) of departments in professional schools offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with teaching assistantships. Thirteen percent offered partial tuition remission and another three percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. A little more than one in three departments (40%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
Eightysix percent of departments in professional schools offered teaching assistantships to advanced students, a slightly lower percentage as compared to their traditional academic setting counterparts (table 30a). However, these award amounts averaged only $3,000 and corresponded with an average of 10 hours worked per week (table 29a). Departments in professional schools were most likely to offer full tuition remission (48%) for teaching assistantships to advanced students. Seventeen percent provided partial tuition remission and another six percent offered both full and partial remission. However, more than one in four (29%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to their advanced students on teaching assistantships.
Research Assistantships
Traditional academic settings. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (86%) offered research assistantships (table 30a). The average award amount was $12,950 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). Over half of these departments (57%) offered full tuition remission to these firstyear students. Another 16% offered partial tuition remission. Only a small proportion of departments (six percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. About one in five departments (22%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
About 90% of doctoral departments in traditional academic settings offered research assistantships to advanced students (table 30a). These awards averaged $13,622 and corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). Over half (58%) of departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 17% offered partial remission. A small proportion of departments (eight percent) offered both full and partial remission. Only 18% did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with research assistantships (table 30a).
Professional schools. Research assistantships were available to firstyear students in about 79% of these departments (table 30a). The average award amount was $3,000; roughly one quarter of that found in traditional academic settings while the average number of hours worked per week was only half at 10 (table 29a). Less than half (45%) of departments in professional schools offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with research assistantships. Seventeen percent offered partial tuition remission and another four percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. A little more than one in three departments (34%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
Eightyfive percent of departments in professional schools offered research assistantships to advanced students (table 30a). However, these award amounts, similar to teaching assistantships and research assistantships for firstyear students, averaged only $3,000 and corresponded with an average of 10 hours worked per week (table 29a). Departments in professional schools were most likely to offer full tuition remission (45%) for research assistantships to advanced students. Seventeen percent provided partial tuition remission and another six percent offered both full and partial remission. However, nearly one in three (31%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to their advanced students on research assistantships.
Traineeships
Traditional academic settings. For firstyear students, a low percentage of these departments (15%) offered traineeships (table 30a). However, the average award amount was $14,516 and corresponded with an average of 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). But, only 13% offered full tuition remission to these firstyear students. Another two percent offered partial tuition remission. Similarly, two percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Most departments (84%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
About 29% of doctoral departments in traditional academic settings offered traineeships to advanced students (table 30a). These awards averaged $14,076 and corresponded with 20 hours of work per week (table 29a). About one in five (19%) departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another six percent offered partial tuition remission. A small proportion of departments (two percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. About three in four (74%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with traineeships (table 30a).
Professional schools. Traineeships were available to firstyear students in about 13% of these departments (table 30a). The average award amount was much lower than in traditional academic settings at $4,500, while the average number of hours worked per week was a little less than half at 8.5 (table 29a). Only one in nine (11%) departments in professional schools offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with traineeships. Just over one percent offered partial tuition remission and another one percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Most departments (87%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students also on traineeships (table 30a).
Twentyeight percent of departments in professional schools offered traineeships to advanced students (table 30a). These award amounts averaged $6,797 and corresponded with an average of 15 hours worked per week (table 29a). Departments in professional schools were most likely to not offer any form of tuition remission (77%) for traineeships to advanced students. Sixteen percent provided full tuition remission and another six percent offered partial remission. Only two percent offered both full and partial tuition remission.
Fellowships/Scholarships
Traditional academic settings. For firstyear students, a high percentage of these departments (73%) offered fellowships/scholarships (table 30a). The average award amount was $15,000 and corresponded with an average of nine hours of work per week (table 29a). Just under half (47%) offered full tuition remission to these firstyear students. Another 10% offered partial tuition remission. Seven percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. A little more than one in three (36%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students on fellowships/scholarships (table 30a).
About 72% of doctoral departments in traditional academic settings offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students (table 30a). These awards averaged $15,000 and corresponded with 10 hours of work per week (table 29a). Just under half (46%) of the departments offered full tuition remission to advanced students. Another 10% offered partial tuition remission. A small proportion of departments (six percent) offered both full and partial tuition remission. A little over one in three departments (38%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to advanced students with fellowships/scholarships (table 30a).
Professional schools. Fellowships/scholarships were available to firstyear students in about 73% of these departments (table 30a). The average award amount was much lower than in traditional academic settings at $2,750, but the average number of hours worked per week was zero (table 29a). About one in three (36%) departments in professional schools offered full tuition remission to their firstyear students with fellowships/scholarships. Just under 14% offered partial tuition remission and another seven percent offered both full and partial tuition remission. Less than half of departments (43%) did not offer any form of tuition remission to firstyear students (table 30a).
Seventytwo percent of departments in professional schools offered fellowships/scholarships to advanced students (table 30a). These award amounts averaged only $2,925 but corresponded with an average of zero hours worked per week (table 29a). Departments in professional schools were unlikely to offer tuition remission in any form (45%) for fellowships/scholarships to advanced students. However, 36% provided full tuition remission and another 14% offered partial remission. Only six percent offered both full and partial tuition remission to students on fellowships/scholarships.
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