Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity ®, the official publication of APA Division 44 (Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues), is a scholarly journal dedicated to the dissemination of information in the field of sexual orientation and gender diversity. It is a primary outlet for research particularly as it impacts practice, education, public policy, and social action.

The journal is intended to be a forum for scholarly dialogue that explores the multifaceted aspects of sexual orientation and gender diversity. Its focus is on empirical research (both quantitative and qualitative), theoretical and conceptual articles, in-depth reviews of the research and literature, clinical case studies, book reviews, and letters to the editor.

Many issues include a major article or set of articles on a specific theme of importance to theory, research, and/or practice in the psychology of sexual orientation and gender diversity. In addition, articles address professional issues, methodological and theoretical issues, and comments on previous publications in the journal as well as such topics that advance the psychological knowledge of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals and their families, couples and marriage, health and health care, aging, work, and careers.

The journal includes all areas of psychological research, especially developmental, social, clinical, community, counseling, family, gender roles and gender nonconformity, lifespan and aging, cultural diversity including race and ethnicity, and international issues.

Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


John C. Gonsiorek
Past-President, Division 44, Santa Fe, NM

Associate Editors

Cirleen DeBlaere
Georgia State University

Kristin Hancock
John F. Kennedy University

Paul Kwon
Washington State University

Ilan Meyer
University of California Los Angeles, School of Law

Joel Nadler
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

David Pantalone
University of Massachusetts, Boston

Mark L. Pope
University of Missouri-St. Louis

Susan C. Turell
State University of New York Oneonta

Book Review Editor

Carlton W. Parks
Alliant International University, Los Angeles

Administrative Assistant

John Gatermann
Minnesota School of Professional Psychology

Consulting Editors

Kimberly Balsam
Palo Alto University

Augustine Barón
Walden University

Kathleen Bieschke
Pennsylvania State University

Melanie Brewster
Teachers College, Columbia University

Stephanie L. Budge
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Armand Cerbone
Independent Practice, Chicago, Il and President-Elect, Division 29

Y. Barry Chung
Indiana University

Susan Cochran
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

James Croteau
Western Michigan University

Anthony D’Augelli
Pennsylvania State University

lore m. dickey
Louisiana Tech University

Kurt DeBord
Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Missouri

Ruth Fassinger
University of Maryland

William E. Foote
Universiy of New Mexico

David Frost
Columbia University

Terry S. Gock
Asian Pacific Family Center, Pacific Clinics, Rosemead, CA

Abbie Goldberg
Clark University

Beverly Greene
St. John's University, Queens, NY

Douglas C. Haldeman
John F. Kennedy University

Perry N. Halkitis
New York University

Michael Hendricks
Washington Psychological Center, PC, District of Columbia

Gregory M. Herek
University of California, Davis

Ming-Hui Daniel Hsu
Manhattan College

Steven James
Goddard College

Peter Ji
Adler University

Susan Kashubeck-West
University of Missouri - St. Louis

Justin Lehmiller
Purdue University

Christopher Martell
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Larry Martinez
Pennsylvania State University

Lauren Mizock
Worcester State University

Michael Mobley
Salem State University

Melanie Morrison
University of Saskatchewan

Todd Morrison
University of Saskatchewan

Kevin Nadal
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York

Allen Omoto
Claremont Graduate University

John Pachankis
Yale School of Public Health

Charlotte J. Patterson
University of Virginia

Jeffrey P. Prince
University of California, Berkeley

Amy Reynolds
University at Buffalo

Ellen D. B. Riggle
University of Kentucky

Kathleen Ritter
California State University, Bakersfield

David Rivera
William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ

Ian Rivers
Brunel University, London, UK

Margaret Robinson
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, CA

Esther Rothblum
San Diego State University

Glenda Russell
Independent Practice, Boulder, CO

Eric Schrimshaw
Columbia University

Charles Silverstein
The Institute for Human Identity, NY, NY

Anneliese A. Singh
The University of Georgia

Nathan Grant Smith
University of Houston

Tyrel Starks
Hunter College of the City University of New York

Michael R. Stevenson
The University of Maine System

Dawn Szymanski
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Jose Toro-Alfonso
University of Puerto Rico

Sari van Anders
University of Michigan

Jacob J. van den Berg
Brown University

Doug VanderLaan
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, CA

Paul Vasey
University of Lethbridge, Alberta

Jaimie Veale
University of British Columbia

Tarynn M. Witten
Virginia Commonwealth University

Frank C. Worrell
University of California, Berkeley

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity®

  • PsycINFO
Instructions to Authors

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically through the Manuscript Submission Portal.

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

John Gonsiorek
Past President, APA Division 44 (Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues)
Santa Fe, NM

Manuscript Types

Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity® (PSOGD) accepts a variety of article types consistent with the journal's mission as described above, including:

Standard articles containing a maximum of 7,500 words of text. These will be the most typical articles.

Longer, monograph-style articles containing a maximum of 12,000 words of text. These longer contributions will not be typical and to be considered, must provide a particularly enhanced coverage of the topic addressed.

This can take the form of:

  • an especially extensive literature review with a methodological critique and/or public policy implications explicated;
  • description of an interlocked series of research projects;
  • a synthesis of material on sexual orientation and gender diversity with material from other aspects of psychology and/or other disciplines;
  • or similarly extensive contributions.


Brief reports are research-oriented and contain a maximum of 4,000 words of text.

Case Studies are clinically/practice-oriented (including industrial/organization practice) and contain a maximum of 3,000 words of text. All ethical and risk management considerations regarding informed consent, confidentiality, and other relevant concerns must be addressed. Case studies must also situate the case in question in relevant theoretical, empirical, and methodological matrices.

Book Reviews are generally a maximum of 1,000 words. In addition to books, relevant films and other media may be considered. Potential authors may submit books and other media to be considered to the Book Review Editor, Carlton W. Parks. The Book Review and Founding Editors will make final selection of books/media to be reviewed and reviewers.

Letters to the Editor should be limited to 500 words. In unusual circumstances, the Founding Editor may allow a longer limit with the author.

Commentaries may address developments in the behavioral sciences and related fields, the legal system, national or world events, as these pertain to the content areas of PSOGD. These should be a maximum of 1000 words, unless a longer length is allowed by the Founding Editor.

The list above is not meant to be exclusive. Other article varieties may be accepted under unusual circumstances. However, authors must contact the Founding Editor, John C. Gonsiorek, PhD prior to submission of any article type other than the above to discuss and get approval.

As a rule of thumb one double-spaced page of standard font and size text contains about 300 words. If submissions contain an unusually larger number of references for the article type and/or unusually large tables/charts/graphs, authors may be required to reduce these. "Words" refers to words and other symbols or characters.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts submitted to Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity should be prepared in accordance with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition (2010).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

If your manuscript was mask reviewed, please ensure that the final version for production includes a byline and full author note for typesetting.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page.

After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.

Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity encourages submissions from all countries and aspires to disseminate knowledge about sexual orientation and gender diversity internationally.

To this end, authors should submit abstracts and keywords in English and, if they wish, in addition provide abstracts in any other language(s) relevant to the submission in question.

Specifically, authors may submit abstracts and keywords in languages in addition to English in the following circumstances:

  1. When the research subjects or content matter involve non-English speaking populations
  2. When the authors are based in a non-English speaking country or comprise a multi-national team with some members from non-English speaking countries.
  3. There may be other circumstances where authors wish abstracts in other languages to be included. These should be reviewed and approved by the Founding Editor.

Note that all submissions must include an abstract and keywords in English.

Also, abstracts in more than two languages are encouraged when more than one non-English speaking countries are involved, as per #1 and #2 above.

Finally, Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity can publish the main article text only in English.


Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information