The Psychology of Workplace Safety
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
The last 100 years have seen a substantial reduction in the number of work-related deaths and injuries, at least in industrialized nations. Nevertheless, fatalities and injuries on the job still occur at unacceptably high rates in both industrial and developing countries. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that there were 4.9 million reported workplace injuries in the U.S. in 2001. The direct and indirect economic cost of these injuries is staggering.
Despite the importance of the issue, psychologists have not played a major part in studying workplace safety. This is surprising, because the theoretical and methodological traditions of psychology have much to offer in terms of understanding the causes and prevention of occupational injuries.
The psychologists contributing to this volume aim to correct the situation by analyzing both the behaviors that lead to accidental injuries in the workplace and the behaviors that can prevent and manage them. In the process, the contributors summarize what is known and not known about the subject, and raise interesting questions for researchers to answer in the future. While our knowledge is incomplete, it is clear that job-related injuries are related to poor worker-employer collaboration, lack of safety management systems, poor safety culture, deficient knowledge and training, and lack of incentive-based compensation systems.
This volume points out the wide variety of ways in which I/O psychologists can help reduce unintentional workplace injuries. It will be a valuable addition to the library of psychologists and policymakers interested in job safety issues.
- Occupational Injuries: Setting the Stage
—Julian Barling and Michael R. Frone
II. Climate, Working Conditions, and Culture
- Safety Climate and Safety at Work
—Andrew Neal and Mark A. Griffin
- The Effect of Teamwork on Safety Processes and Outcomes
—Nick Turner and Sharon K. Parker
- Job Insecurity: Exploring a New Threat to Employee Safety
—Tahira M. Probst
- Contingent Work and Occupational Safety
—Michael Quinlan and Philip Bohle
- Young Workers' Occupational Safety
—Catherine Loughlin and Michael R. Frone
- Alcohol, Drugs, and Workplace Safety Outcomes: A View From a General Model of Employee Substance Use and Productivity
—Michael R. Frone
III. Managing Safety and the Return to Work
- The Role of Leadership in Safety
—David A. Hofmann and Frederick P. Morgeson
- Pay and Benefits: The Role of Compensation Systems in Workplace Safety
—Robert R. Sinclair and Lois E. Tetrick
- High-Performance Work Systems and Occupational Safety
—Anthea Zacharatos and Julian Barling
- The Role of Training in Promoting Workplace Safety and Health
—Michael J. Colligan and Alexander Cohen
- Labor Unions and Occupational Safety: Conflict and Cooperation
—E. Kevin Kelloway
- Returning to Work After Occupational Injury
—Niklas Krause and Thomas Lund
- Common Themes and Future Directions
—Michael R. Frone and Julian Barling
About the Editors
Julian Barling, PhD, is the Queen's Research Chair in the School of Business, Queen's University. He earned his PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa. Dr. Barling is the editor of the American Psychological Association's Journal of Occupational Health Psychology® and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Psychology, Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, and Stress and Health.
Michael R. Frone, PhD, is a Senior Research Scientist at the Research Institute on Addictions, State University of New York at Buffalo. He has published extensively in leading journals on work-family dynamics and the work-related predictors of employee mental health, physical health, and substance use. Dr. Frone is associate editor of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology and serves or has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Psychology®, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Organizational Research Methods.