APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology

Editor-in-Chief: Harris Cooper, PhD
Pages: 2074
Item #: 4311505
ISBN: 978-1-4338-1003-9
List Price: $695.00
Member/Affiliate Price: $395.00
Copyright: 2012
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories

3-Volume Set
• Volume 1: Foundations, Planning, Measures, and Psychometrics
• Volume 2: Research Designs: Quantitative, Qualitative, Neuropsychological, and Biological
• Volume 3: Data Analysis and Research Publication

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The three-volume APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology features descriptions of many techniques that psychologists and others have developed to help them pursue a shared understanding of why humans think, feel, and behave the way they do.

At the broadest level, when choosing a method, researchers make decisions about what data or measurement techniques will best capture the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that interest them; what research design best fits the question that they want to answer; and what strategies for data analysis best match the characteristics of their design and measurements. The simplest choice for organizing the presentation of material is the temporal sequence in which they will make these decisions.

The earliest chapters in the handbook address the broadest questions related to research designs. These involve both (a) which research designs are most appropriate for which question; and (b) how to think about the ethicality and feasibility of the designs that address the question and the measures available.

Next, handbook chapters describe the types of data that psychologists most often collect and how to determine whether the measurement techniques are the best ones for the research purpose.

Later, the chapters return to issues of research design and present a panoply of options, further divided along more nuanced distinctions in their objectives. Chapters on techniques for data analysis follow, again with special attention to the fit between design, measurement, and analysis.

Finally, issues and choices to be considered when writing up research to share with the community of psychologists are discussed in the handbook's concluding chapters.

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Foundations, Planning, Measures, and Psychometrics

Editorial Board

About the Editor-in-Chief


Series Preface

Introduction: Objectives of Psychological Research and Their Relations to Research Methods
Harris Cooper

I. Philosophical, Ethical, and Societal Underpinnings of Psychological Research

Section 1: Philosophical Issues for Research in Psychology

  1. Perspectives on the Epistemological Bases for Qualitative Research
    Carla Willig
  2. Theories of Causation in Psychological Science
    William R. Shadish and Kristynn J. Sullivan


Section 2: Ethical and Professional Considerations in Conducting Psychological Research

  1. Ethics in Psychological Research: Guidelines and Regulations
    Adam L. Fried
  2. Ethics and Regulation of Research With Nonhuman Animals
    Chana K. Akins and Sangeeta Panicker


Section 3: Cultural and Societal Issues in Conducting Psychological Research

  1. Cross-Cultural Research Methods
    David Matsumoto and Fons J. R. van de Vijver
  2. Research With Underresearched Populations
    Mark W. Roosa, George P. Knight, and Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor


II. Planning Research

  1. Developing Testable and Important Research Questions
    Frederick T. L. Leong, Neal Schmitt, and Brent J. Lyons
  2. Accessing Relevant Literature
    Hannah R. Rothstein
  3. Obtaining and Evaluating Research Resources
    Louis A. Penner, Terrance L. Albrecht, and John F. Dovidio
  4. Psychological Measurement: Scaling and Analysis
    Heather Hayes and Susan E. Embretson
  5. Sample Size Planning
    Ken Kelley and Scott E. Maxwell


III. Measurement Methods

Section 1: Behavior Observation

  1. Behavioral Observation
    Roger Bakeman and Vicenç Quera


Section 2: Self-Reports

  1. Question Order Effects
    Kenneth A. Rasinski, Lisa Lee, and Parvati Krishnamurty
  2. Interviews and Interviewing Techniques
    Anna Madill
  3. Using Diary Methods in Psychological Research
    Masumi Iida, Patrick E. Shrout, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, and Niall Bolger
  4. Automated Analysis of Essays and Open-Ended Verbal Responses
    Arthur C. Graesser and Danielle S. McNamara


Section 3: Psychological Tests

  1. The Current Status of "Projective" "Tests"
    Robert E. McGrath and Elizabeth J. Carroll
  2. Objective Tests as Instruments of Psychological Theory and Research
    David Watson
  3. Norm- and Criterion-Referenced Testing
    Kurt F. Geisinger
  4. Brief Instruments and Short Forms
    Gregory T. Smith, Jessica L. Combs, and Carolyn M. Pearson


Section 4: Chronometric and Psychophysical Measures

  1. Eye Movements and Cognitive Processes
    Keith Rayner and Reinhold Kliegl
  2. Response Time Distributions
    Roger Ratcliff
  3. Psychophysics
    Paul T. Sowden


Section 5: Measures in Psychophysiology

  1. Peripheral Physiological Measures of Psychological Constructs
    Louis G. Tassinary, Ursula Hess, and Luis M. Carcoba
  2. Hormone Assays
    Oliver C. Schultheiss, Anja Schiepe-Tiska, and Maika Rawolle


Section 6: Measures in Neuroscience

  1. Electroencephalographic Methods in Psychology
    Eddie Harmon-Jones and David M. Amodio
  2. Event-Related Potentials
    Steven J. Luck
  3. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    Bianca C. Wittmann and Mark D'Esposito
  4. Beyond ERP and fMRI: Other Imaging Techniques for Studying Human Brain Function
    Gabriele Gratton and Monica Fabiani
  5. Combined Neuroimaging Methods
    Christian C. Ruff
  6. Noninvasive Stimulation of the Cerebral Cortex in Social Neuroscience
    Dennis J. L. G. Schutter


IV. Psychometrics

  1. Construct Validity
    Kevin J. Grimm and Keith F. Widaman
  2. Reliability
    Patrick E. Shrout and Sean P. Lane
  3. Generalizability Theory
    Xiaohong Gao and Deborah J. Harris
  4. Item-Level Factor Analysis
    Brian D. Stucky, Nisha C. Gottfredson, and A. T. Panter
  5. An Introduction to Item Response Theory Models and Their Application in the Assessment of Noncognitive Traits
    Steven P. Reise and Tyler M. Moore
  6. Measuring Test Performance With Signal Detection Theory Techniques
    Teresa A. Treat and Richard J. Viken


Volume 2: Research Designs: Quantitative, Qualitative, Neuropsychological, and Biological

Editorial Board

I. Qualitative Research Methods

Section 1: Overview of Qualitative Methods

  1. Varieties of Qualitative Research: A Pragmatic Approach to Selecting Methods
    Nancy Pistrang and Chris Barker
  2. Metasynthesis of Qualitative Research
    Margarete Sandelowski


Section 2: Thematic Approaches

  1. Grounded Theory and Psychological Research
    Antony Bryant and Kathy Charmaz
  2. Thematic Analysis
    Virginia Braun and Victoria Clarke
  3. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
    Jonathan A. Smith and Pnina Shinebourne


Section 3: Narrative- and Language-Based Approaches

  1. Narrative Analysis
    Michael Bamberg
  2. Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis
    Paul ten Have
  3. Discourse Analysis and Discursive Psychology
    Jonathan Potter


Section 4: Multilayered Approaches

  1. Case Study Methods
    Robert K. Yin
  2. Using Focused Ethnography in Psychological Research
    Laura M. Simonds, Paul M. Camic, and Andrew Causey
  3. Critical Participatory Action Research as Public Science
    María Elena Torre, Michelle Fine, Brett G. Stoudt, and Madeline Fox
  4. Visual Research in Psychology
    Paula Reavey and Jon Prosser
  5. Researching the Temporal
    Karen Henwood and Fiona Shirani


II. Sampling Across People and Time

  1. Introduction to Survey Sampling
    Roger Tourangeau and Ting Yan
  2. Epidemiology
    Rumi Kato Price
  3. Issues in Collecting Longitudinal Data
    Emilio Ferrer and Kevin J. Grimm
  4. Using the Internet to Collect Data
    Ulf-Dietrich Reips


III. Building and Testing Models

  1. Statistical Mediation Analysis
    David P. MacKinnon, JeeWon Cheong, and Angela G. Pirlott
  2. Path Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling With Latent Variables
    Rick H. Hoyle
  3. Mathematical Psychology
    Trisha Van Zandt and James T. Townsend
  4. Computational Modeling
    Adele Diederich and Jerome R. Busemeyer
  5. Bootstrapping and Monte Carlo Methods
    William Howard Beasley and Joseph Lee Rodgers
  6. Designing Simulation Studies
    Xitao Fan
  7. Bayesian Modeling for Psychologists: An Applied Approach
    Fred M. Feinberg and Richard Gonzalez


IV. Designs Involving Experimental Manipulations

Section 1: Designs With Different Participant Assignment Mechanisms

  1. Types of Designs Using Random Assignment
    Larry Christensen
  2. Nonequivalent Comparison Group Designs
    Henry May
  3. Regression-Discontinuity Designs
    Charles S. Reichardt and Gary T. Henry


Section 2: Experimental Manipulations in Applied Settings

  1. Treatment Validity for Intervention Studies
    Dianne L. Chambless and Steven D. Hollon
  2. Translational Research
    Michael T. Bardo and Mary Ann Pentz
  3. Program Evaluation: Outcomes and Costs of Putting Psychology to Work
    Brian T. Yates


V. Quantitative Research Designs Involving Single Participants or Units

  1. Single-Case Experimental Designs
    Shireen L. Rizvi and Suzannah J. Ferraioli
  2. Time-Series Designs
    Richard McCleary and David McDowall


VI. Designs in Neuropsychology and Biological Psychology

Section 1: Neuropsychology

  1. Case Studies in Neuropsychology
    Randi C. Martin and Corinne Allen
  2. Group Studies in Experimental Neuropsychology
    Lesley K. Fellows


Section 2: Biological Psychology

  1. Genetic Methods in Psychology
    Karestan C. Koenen, Ananda B. Amstadter, and Nicole R. Nugent
  2. Genetic Epidemiology
    Lannie Ligthart and Dorret I. Boomsma


Volume 3: Data Analysis and Research Publication

Editorial Board

I. Quantitative Data Analysis

Section 1: Preparing Data for Analysis

  1. Methods for Detecting Badly Behaved Data: Distributions, Linear Models, and Beyond
    Robert Andersen
  2. What to Do About Missing Values
    Alan C. Acock
  3. Exploratory Data Analysis
    Paul F. Velleman and David C. Hoaglin


Section 2: Describing Data

  1. Graphic Displays of Data
    Leland Wilkinson
  2. Estimating and Graphing Interactions
    Leona S. Aiken, Stephen G. West, Maike Luhmann, Amanda Baraldi, and Stefany J. Coxe
  3. Effect Size Estimation
    Michael Borenstein
  4. Measures of Clinically Significant Change
    Michael J. Lambert and Russell J. Bailey


Section 3: Methods With Single Outcomes

  1. Analysis of Variance and the General Linear Model
    James Jaccard and Kim Daniloski
  2. Generalized Linear Models
    David Rindskopf
  3. Taxometrics: Conceptual and Applied Aspects
    William M. Grove and Scott I. Vrieze
  4. Multilevel Modeling for Psychologists
    John B. Nezlek


Section 4: Methods With Outcomes Measured Over Time

  1. Longitudinal Data Analysis
    Michael Windle
  2. Event History Analysis
    Fetene B. Tekle and Jeroen K. Vermunt
  3. Latent State–Trait Models
    Rolf Steyer, Christian Geiser, and Christiane Fiege
  4. Latent Variable Modeling of Continuous Growth
    David A. Cole and Jeffrey A. Ciesla
  5. Dynamical Systems and Differential Equation Models of Change
    Steven M. Boker
  6. A Multivariate Growth Curve Model for Three-Level Data
    Patrick J. Curran, James S. McGinley, Daniel Serrano, and Chelsea Burfeind


Section 5: Multivariate Methods

  1. Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis
    Keith F. Widaman
  2. Latent Class and Latent Profile Models
    Brian P. Flaherty and Cara J. Kiff
  3. Exploratory Data Mining Using CART in the Behavioral Sciences
    John J. McArdle


Section 6: Dyadic and Social Network Data

  1. Using the Social Relations Model to Understand Interpersonal Perception and Behavior
    P. Niels Christensen and Deborah A. Kashy
  2. Dyadic Data Analysis
    Richard Gonzalez and Dale Griffin
  3. Social Network Research: The Foundation of Network Science
    Stanley Wasserman and Garry Robins


Section 7: Using Data Collected by Others

  1. Secondary Analysis and Archival Research: Using Data Collected by Others
    David W. Stewart
  2. Meta-Analysis
    Jeffrey C. Valentine


II. Publishing and the Publication Process

  1. Preparing a Manuscript for Publication
    Karin Sternberg and Robert J. Sternberg
  2. How to Publish Your Manuscript
    Gary R. VandenBos


Editor Bio

Harris Cooper, PhD, received his doctoral degree in social psychology from the University of Connecticut in 1976. From 1977 to 2003, he served on the faculty at the University of Missouri and currently serves as professor and chair in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina.

Dr. Cooper's research interests follow two paths: The first concerns research synthesis and research methodology. His book, Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis: A Step-by-Step Approach (2010) is in its fourth edition. He is the coeditor of the Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis (2nd ed., 2009).

In 2007, Dr. Cooper was the recipient of the Frederick Mosteller Award for Contributions to Research Synthesis Methodology given by the Campbell Collaboration. In 2008 he received the Ingram Olkin Award for Distinguished Lifetime Contribution to Research Synthesis from the Society for Research Synthesis Methodology.

In 2007–2008, Dr. Cooper chaired APA's committee that developed guidelines for information about research that should be included in manuscripts submitted to APA journals. He recently authored the book Reporting Research in Psychology: How to Meet Journal Article Reporting Standards (2011) published by APA. He is cocreator of the Study Design and Implementation Assessment Device, an instrument for assessing the correspondence between the design and conduct of social science research and its ability to draw inferences about causal relationships. In 2007, Dr. Cooper was appointed to membership on the National Academy of Sciences' Standing Committee on Social Science Evidence for Use: Improving the Quality and Utility of Social Science Research.

Dr. Cooper is also interested in the application of social and developmental psychology to education policy issues. In particular, he studies the relationship between time and learning. Whereas most people think of issues relating time to learning in terms of how time is spent in school (class time, instructional time, time-on task), Dr. Cooper's work zooms out from school time. He focuses on issues related to the school day and school calendar (extended school days and years, summer school, year-round calendars, summer learning loss) and academic-related contexts children find themselves in outside the school day (doing homework, afterschool programs, tutoring).

Dr. Cooper served as editor for the Psychological Bulletin from 2003 through mid-2009. He was chair of the APA Council of Editors in 2006 and was a member of the APA committee that revised the APA Publication Manual.1 Since 2009, he has served as the chief editorial advisor for APA's journal publishing program. In this role he assists the editors of APA's more than 30 journals and mediates disputes between editors and authors and between authors and authors.

1American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.