Board of Directors Approved Minutes: February 16 & 17, 2011

Approved Minutes

Present: Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD; Carol D. Goodheart, EdD; Suzanne Bennett Johnson, PhD; Barry S. Anton, PhD; Bonnie Markham, PhD, PsyD; Norman B. Anderson, PhD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Jean A. Carter, PhD; Elena J. Eisman, EdD; Kurt F. Geisinger, PhD; Nadine J. Kaslow, PhD, Jennifer F. Kelly, PhD; and Susan M. Wilson, MS.

Absent: None.

I. Minutes of Meeting

A.(1) The Board voted to approve the minutes of the December 10-12, 2010, Board of Directors Meeting.

II. Elections, Awards, Membership and Human Resources

A. In early January the Board voted on email to appoint Sheila K. Roberts as a non-voting investment community member and Joan E. Lynch as a non-voting audit community member on the Finance Committee. Both members' terms will began effective immediately and end December 31, 2013.

B. In executive session, the Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following changes to Association Rule 110.7 to become effective with the 2012 presidential election cycle (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

110-7. Guidelines for the Conduct of President-elect Nominations and Elections

110-7.1 It is the intent of these guidelines to keep the amount of campaigning and electioneering for the office of President-elect within reasonable limits and to assist in the maintenance of a spirit of collegiality and essential fairness in such elections. These guidelines shall apply to the nomination and election process for the office of APA President-elect.

A. Eligibility, Published Statements, Campaign Restrictions

1.Eligibility and appropriateness of members of the Board of Directors to stand for the APA Presidency. [The Board of Directors represents all segments of APA and, since the Board is a representative body, it is only reasonable to expect that one or more members of the Board may be nominated at any particular time.] Members of the Board of Directors are eligible to stand for and accept nominations for the APA Presidency.

2. Eligibility and appropriateness of standing for the APA Presidency while standing for another APA office. Individuals serving in the APA Presidency cycle shall not hold offices within the Association other than the ex officio positions that accompany that office. A person elected to the APA Presidency shall, during the term of President-elect, President, and Past President, be restricted from holding any other APA office, including divisional offices, that is not an ex officio extension of the Presidential office.

3.Call to membership of potential presidential nominees. An annual announcement [will be made] in the December issue of the APA Monitor on Psychology will inform [informing] potential presidential nominees of the opportunity to speak at the February Council meeting and invite them to submit a brief statement (50 words or less) [that would] to accompany the President-Elect [N]nomination ballot. The deadline for submission of [the] such statements [will be] is COB on January 15.

4.Statement on the issues facing psychology. After the slate of candidates is announced, each one will be invited to provide a statement regarding their candidacy. The candidates' statement accompanying the election ballot should be confined to discussion of issues facing psychology and the APA and should not exceed 1,000 words. The APA Monitor on Psychology will provide coverage of the candidates in a question and answer format in issues published between their nomination and the election. [At the Fall Consolidated meeting, e]Each board and committee reporting to Council or the Board of Directors will be [asked] invited to develop questions, which will be reviewed by the Election Committee (EC). Six (6) final questions reflecting important issues to APA's various constituencies will be selected by the EC and presented to each candidate. Their written responses will be edited for APA style by APA Monitor on Psychology editors and returned to the candidates for approval [and will appear] before appearing, in [a table] tabular format, over three subsequent issues of the APA Monitor on Psychology. The answers to each question will be limited to 100 words. Each candidate will also be given the opportunity to write a short statement, not to exceed 300 words, as a lead into their questions and answers. The Past President, as chair of the [Election Committee] EC, is responsible for enforcing these limitations.

5. Appropriateness of a member of the Board of Directors endorsing a particular candidate. Since the Board of Directors is the executive committee of the Association as a whole, it should be viewed as being nonpartisan, and, as a matter of protocol, Board members should not endorse candidates for the office of President-elect.

[6. Appropriateness of campaign methods and expenditures. Expenditure of the candidate's own funds or those of other individuals or organizations for mass communication has traditionally been regarded as undesirable and inappropriate. However, it is acceptable for APA divisions, state/provincial/territorial psychological associations, and established continuing coalitions to give their support to particular candidates in their newsletters or via electronic communications (electronic mail, electronic bulletins or faxing) to an established network. Recipients of campaign material that goes beyond such endorsements should understand that campaigning by expensive mass communication strains the political fabric of APA and be wary of it. The membership is put on notice that "caveat emptor" applies in regard to political communications.]

6. Reporting of Campaign Funds. APA Presidential Candidates are required to report any financial support greater than $200 that they received while seeking nomination or election from August 1 of the preceding year of the election through September 1 of the calendar year of the election. Financial support includes direct money payments, in kind services, advertising on behalf of the candidate, etc. Cash contributions to candidates must be documented with the source of the contribution. This will include support from any individual, group, organization, society, APA Division, State Association, or caucus of APA Council. Any honorarium and expenses for travel to present or speak to a group specifically regarding the candidate's nomination or election also must be reported.

Candidates will report all contribution sources and amounts on a form approved by the Election Committee. Candidates must sign verifying that the report is complete and submit it to the APA Election Office no later than September 1. Candidates may not accept contributions after this date. The data will be made available to the membership on the APA Election website.

7. [Use of] Selling or providing APA mailing labels and email address lists. [The use of APA mailing labels on behalf of candidates for office in APA, divisions, or state/provincial/territorial associations is not approved. Additionally, ] APA will not sell or provide mailing labels or email address lists for campaign purposes.

8. Use of [list servers] listservs (electronic lists). APA Central Office will not establish[,] or provide[, or sell] [list servers] listservs or other electronic communities for campaign purposes. However, list members may discuss APA elections and APA candidates on established lists to which they subscribe.

B. Statement of Compliance with Guidelines

After the [Election Committee] EC announces the candidates, each one [is mailed] will receive a copy of these guidelines. Each candidate [is asked to] must agree to and sign a statement acknowledging that he or she has received the guidelines, pledge to adhere to them, and [that he or she] will report to the Election Committee immediately any deviations from the guidelines of which he or she becomes aware.

C. Promulgation of These Guidelines

The guidelines in their entirety shall appear in the December or January and the May issues of the APA Monitor on Psychology. Each January the Election Committee will send the guidelines to divisions, state/provincial/territorial psychological associations, coalitions, and newsletter editors.

D. Enforcement

The EC will evaluate any complaints by members regarding violation of these guidelines. If the EC finds by a unanimous vote that egregious violations of these guidelines have occurred they shall notify the Membership of the violation by posting a statement on the APA website.

Dr. Anton recused himself from voting on this item. Dr. Bingham abstained from voting on this item.

B.(1A) The Board reconsidered action previously taken on the item on Changes to Life Status/Dues Exempt Category and voted to recommend that the following language be removed from the main motion: "Adding a new category titled ‘Transitioning Members' for Members and Associate members who have reached both 59 years of age and 25 years of full membership and are employed for less than 10 hours per week."

The amended motion being recommended by the Board reads as follows:

Council approves in principle the following changes to the Life Status/Dues Exempt Category and requests that the Bylaw and Association Rule changes needed for implementing the changes be brought to Council for action at its August 2011 meeting:

  1. Eliminating the dues step-down process;

  2. Changing the criteria for eligibility for becoming dues exempt to 69 years of age and 29 years of membership;

  3. Removing the criteria for eligibility for dues exemption from the Bylaws, thereby giving Council the authority to approve the criteria for eligibility in the future;

  4. Adding a minimal administrative fee (e.g. $25 beginning in 2013) for those members who are dues exempt who choose not to receive the American Psychologist and Monitor and therefore do not pay the subscription price/serving fee. (This fee would not be applied retroactively.)

III.Ethics

A. In executive session, the Board took action on five Ethics cases.

IV. Board of Directors

No items.

V. Divisions and State and Provincial Associations

No items.

VI. Organization of the APA

No items.

VII. Publications and Communications

No items.

VIII. Convention Affairs

A.(2) The Board discussed the Convention Task Force Report. The Board endorsed the work of the task force; encouraged a discussion with Division Leadership Conference attendees, the Council of Representatives and boards and committees; and requested that the item be brought back to the Board for action at a later date.

IX. Educational Affairs

No items.

X. Professional Affairs

No items.

XI. Scientific Affairs

A.(3) The Board voted to recommend that Council voted to adopt as APA policy the following proposed Resolution on Affirming Psychologists' Role in Addressing Global Climate Change:

Resolution on Affirming Psychologists' Role in Addressing Global Climate Change

Whereas there is near consensus among climate scientists that global climate change is occurring faster than anticipated, starting in the late 1990's and early 2000's, and there will be greater global climate change if greenhouse gases are not reduced (Confalonieri et al., 2007; Gilman, Randall, & Schwartz, 2007; Sokolov, et al., in press);

Whereas climate scientists now agree that recent dramatic climate change is associated with human behavior that has resulted in increasing emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2; CH4; N2O)(IPCC, 2007; National Research Council, 2010; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2009;), and psychologists can provide a behavioral analyses of such contributions (APA Task report on Global Climate Change);

Whereas there is a need for inter-and cross-disciplinary research on Global Climate Change that includes the social and behavioral sciences, and psychologists have been and are collaborators and participants in such research (APA Task report on Global Climate Change, Center for Research on Environmental Decisions, 2009; Fischhoff, B., & Furby, L., 1983; National Research Council, 2010);

Whereas the impacts of climate change are increasing globally and include the destruction of habitats and subsequent threats to endangered species, acidity of water, disasters (e.g. forest fires), extreme weather (e.g., hurricanes, heat waves), decreasing availability of water, and spreading of diseases, harming plants, wildlife, human physical heath, settlements, and psychological well-being, and are a threat to social, economic, and environmental sustainability (IPCC, 2007; APA task force report on Psychology and Climate Change, 2009);

Whereas psychologists have shown a concern about individual and institutional discrimination (e.g., APA Resolution on Poverty and SES, 2000; APA resolution on Prejudice, Stereotypes, and Discrimination, 2006); and climate change has already had disproportionate impact on the poor, including greater impacts on women and children, on rural regions and their inhabitants, and is anticipated to have greater effects on already disadvantaged populations including but not limited to persons with disabilities (APA task force report on Psychology and Climate Change, 2009; International Disability and Development Consortium, 2008; National Research Council, 2010);

Whereas the APA in its mission and vision statements and in its ethical code of conduct indicates that psychologists are committed to creating, applying, and communicating our knowledge to improving individual and societal conditions and facilitating the resolution of global challenges;

Whereas there is a persistent resistance among many to accept the findings of climate change science due to a variety of psychological and social factors, ranging from not knowing or understanding the science and scientific review processes, to psychological threats that accompany accepting global climate change, to outright manipulation of science designed to undermine belief in both climate change and human's contribution to climate change (Feygina, Goldsmith, & Jost, in press; Flynn, Slovic & Kunreuther, 2001; Kazdin, 2009; Moser and Dilling, 2007; Pidgeon, Kasperson, & Slovic, 2003; APA Task report on Global Climate Change; Vess & Arndt, 2008).

Whereas psychology as a discipline is well-suited to address important behavioral and methodological aspects of understanding human behavioral contribution and responses to global climate change (APA task force report on Psychology and Climate Change (Clayton & Brook, 2005, Gifford, 2007; Uzzell & Moser, 2009);

Whereas APA is committed to education in psychology and the dissemination of sound psychological science both in and out of the classroom.

Whereas APA Council approved a research agenda on environmental problems proposed by a 1993 Task Force on Psychology and Environmental Problems (Cvetkovich, G.T. & Wener, R., 1994).;

Therefore it is resolved that APA reaffirms its recognition of the importance of psychological aspects of human environment relations;

Therefore it is resolved that APA supports psychologists' involvement in scientific research on global climate change and on the role of human behavior as a significant contributor to these changes;

Therefore it is resolved that APA recognizes the current and anticipated psycho-social impacts of climate change, especially for already underprivileged and marginalized groups, in addition to the bio-and geo-physical impact and the ethical imperative of addressing climate change via adaptation and mitigation;

Therefore it is resolved that APA recognizes the role of psycho-social processes in perceptions and beliefs about global climate change that can potentially hinder public understanding of global climate change.

Therefore it is resolved that APA supports psychologists' involvement in research, education, and community interventions in improving public understanding of global climate change impacts and psychological contributions to mitigation and adaptation efforts that address both environmental and human, including psychological, impacts of Global Climate Change.

References

American Psychological Association council of Representatives (2000). APA resolution on Poverty and SES, August, 2000.

American Psychological Association Council of Representatives (2006). APA Resolution on Prejudice, Stereotypes, and Discrimination, February, 2006.

American Psychological Association Task Force on the Interface between Psychology and Global Climate Change (2009). Psychology and Global Climate Change: Addressing a Multi- faceted Phenomenon and Set of Challenges. Washington, DC: Author.

Confalonieri, U., Menne, B., Akhtar, R., et al. (2007). Human health. In M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof et al. (Eds.), Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp. 391—431). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Feygina, I., Goldsmith, R.E., & Jost, J., (in press). System Justification and the Disruption of Environmental Goal-Setting: A Self-Regulatory Perspective. R.R. Hassin, K., Ochsner, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Social Cognitive and Neuroscientific Appraoches to Self-Control. [Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience Series.] New York: Oxford University Press.

Flynn, J., Slovic, P., & Kunreuther, H. (Eds.). (2001). Risk, media and stigma: Understanding public challenges to modern science and technology. London, England: Earthscan.

Fewer Americans See Solid Evidence of Global Warming: Overview -Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. (2009). Retrieved January 7, 2010.

Knight, M. (2008). A timeline of climate change science -CNN.com. Retrieved February 26, 2010.

Larson,S.B., Yeager, D.S., Krosnick, J.A. & Tompson, T. (2010). Accurately Measuring the American Public's Issue Priorities: Tweaking the Most Important Problem Question Reveals More Concern About Global Warming and the Environment. Under review.

Mann, M. & Kump, L.R. (2009). Dire Predictions: Understanding Global Warming; illustrated guide to the findings of the IPCC. Prentice Hall.

Whiteman, H., & Banner, M. (2010). Climate row scientist says he considered suicide -CNN.com. Retrieved February 26, 2010.

A.(4) The Board decided to defer a decision regarding the item on the Task Force on Training Psychologists to Participate in Multi-Disciplinary Team Science Involving Other STEM Disciplines. The Board encourages the Board of Educational Affairs and Board of Scientific Affairs to move forward with existing resources and to return the item, at a time to be determined by the Board, with recommendations on how it will be funded. The Board encourages that at least one representative on the task force be from a STEM discipline other than psychology.

XII. Public Interest

No items.

XIII. Ethnic Minority Affairs

No items.

XIV. International Affairs

No items.

XV. Central Office

No Items.

XVI. Financial Affairs

No items.